Diet and Cognition

The CNP Diet and Cognition Research Category consolidates research exploring the interdependent relationship between dietary intake and cognition. To view each original study on the open internet, click “Original.” To view the CNP summary of the study, click “CNP Summary.” While a small portion of the studies in this research category are available below for free, the full set of studies (and their summaries) are available to CNP members through the CNP Library Membership (available Fall 2021).

2013

The longer-term impacts of Western diet on human cognition and the brain

Original

2017

Adverse effects of consuming high fat-sugar diets on cognition: Implications for understanding obesity

Original

2017

Intake of fruit and vegetables and the incident risk of cognitive disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies

Original

2018

Nutrition strategies that improve cognitive function

Original

2019

Intake of vegetables and fruits through young adulthood is associated with better cognitive function in midlife in the US general population

Original

2015

Diet-induced cognitive deficits: The role of fat and sugar, potential mechanisms and nutritional interventions

Original

2017

Editorial: Impact of diet on learning, memory and cognition

Original

2020

Beneficial effects of walnuts on cognition and brain Health

Original

2006

Effects of nutrients (in food) on the structure and function of the nervous system: update on dietary requirements for brain. Part 1: micronutrients

Original

2017

Intake of niacin, folate, vitamin B-6, and vitamin B-12 through young adulthood and cognitive function in midlife: the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study

Original

2015

Western diet is associated with a smaller hippocampus: A longitudinal investigation

Original

2019

The relationships between vitamin K and cognition: A review of current evidence

Original

2019

Dietary patterns during adulthood and cognitive performance in midlife: the CARDIA study

Original

2020

Prefrontal cortex inflammation and liver pathologies accompany cognitive and motor deficits following Western diet consumption in non-obese female mice (animal study)

Original

2019

The cognitive control of eating and body weight: It's more than what you "think"

Original

2019

The Western diet regulates hippocampal microvascular gene expression: An integrated genomic analyses in female mice (animal study)

Original

2019

The effect of high fat, high sugar, and combined high fat-high sugar diets on spatial learning and memory in rodents: a meta-analysis

Original

2019

Improvement in cognition following double-blind randomized micronutrient interventions in the general population

Original

2013

The longer-term impacts of Western diet on human cognition and the brain

Original

2020

Sugar-sweetened and artificially-sweetened beverages and changes in cognitive function in the SUN project

Original

2017

Executive functioning and dietary intake: Neurocognitive correlates of fruit, vegetable, and saturated fat intake in adults with obesity

Original

2013

Mediterranean diet improves cognition: The PREDIMED-NAVARRA randomised trial

Original

2017

Interactions between metabolic, reward and cognitive processes in appetite control: Implications for novel weight management therapies

Original

2017

Higher heart-rate variability is associated with ventromedial prefrontal cortex activity and increased resistance to temptation in dietary self-control challenges

Original

2020

Protocol and recruitment results from a 13-week randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of different doses of nitrate-rich beetroot juice on cognition, cerebral blood flow and peripheral vascular function in overweight and obese older people

Original

2019

Interventions involving a major dietary component improve cognitive function in cognitively healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Original

2017

Adverse effects of consuming high fat-sugar diets on cognition: implications for understanding obesity

Original

Flavonoid-rich mixed berries maintain and improve cognitive function over a 6 h period in young healthy adults

Original

2021

Improved metabolic function and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults following a single dose of wild blueberry

Original

2020

Effects of lutein and Astaxanthin intake on the improvement of cognitive functions among healthy adults: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Original

2020

Effects of 12-week avocado consumption on cognitive function among adults with overweight and obesity

Original

2018

A comprehensive review of eggs, choline, and lutein on cognition across the life-span

Original

2020

Fish intake may affect brain structure and improve cognitive ability in healthy people

Original

2019

Long-term intake of vegetables and fruits and subjective cognitive function in US men

Original

2020

Effects of cocoa-derived polyphenols on cognitive function in humans. Systematic review and analysis of methodological aspects

Original

2020

Association between dietary flavonoids intake and cognitive function in an Italian cohort

Original

2015

Effects of high-fat diet exposure on learning & memory

Original

2019

The effect of high fat, high sugar, and combined high fat-high sugar diets on spatial learning and memory in rodents: A meta-analysis (animal)

Original

2019

The cognitive control of eating and body weight: It's more than what you "think"

Original

2015

Diet-induced cognitive deficits: The role of fat and sugar, potential mechanisms and nutritional interventions

Original

2018

Cognitive control of eating: The role of memory in appetite and weight gain

Original

2018

Executive functions and the self-regulation of eating behavior: A review

Original

2015

Eat now or later: self-control as an overlapping cognitive mechanism of depression and obesity

Original

2015

A fat to forget: Trans fat consumption and memory

Original

2019

Sweet cognition: The differential effects of glucose consumption on attentional food bias in individuals of lean and obese status

Original

2018

The effect of attentional bias modification on eating behavior among women craving high-calorie food

Original

2020

Western Diet: Implications for brain function and behavior

Original

2017

Impact of nutrition on social decision makingImpact of nutrition on social decision making

Original

2016

A bidirectional relationship between executive function and health behavior: evidence, implications, and future directions

Original

2013

Nutrition and neurodevelopment in children: focus on NUTRIMENTHE project

Original

2011

Prefrontal systems involvement in binge eating

Original

2006

The Iowa gambling task as a measure of decision making in women with bulimia nervosa

Original

2016

Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on binge eating disorder

Original

2018

Decision making deficits in relation to food cues influence obesity: a triadic neural model of problematic eating

Original

2018

Dietary and nutrient status of children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: a case-control study

Original

2020

Hippocampal-dependent inhibitory learning and memory processes in the control of eating and drug taking

Original

1999

Nutrition and neurodevelopment: mechanisms of developmental dysfunction and disease in later life

Original

2013

Genomic and epigenomic insights into nutrition and brain disorders

Original

2017

Diet quality and attention capacity in European adolescents: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study.

Original

2011

Western diet consumption and cognitive impairment: links to hippocampal dysfunction and obesity

Original

2017

Relationships between dietary intake and cognitive function in healthy Korean children and adolescents

Original

2019

Real-time fMRI neurofeedback training to improve eating behavior by self-regulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: a randomized controlled trial in overweight and obese subjects

Original

2015

Executive functions and consumption of fruits/ vegetables and high saturated fat foods in young adults

Original

2009

Evidence of executive dysfunction in extremely obese adolescents: a pilot study

Original

2020

Neural mechanisms in eating behaviors: a pilot fMRI study of emotional processing

Original

2010

Decision-making impairments in women with binge eating disorder

Original

2017

Executive functioning and dietary intake: neurocognitive correlates of fruit, vegetable, and saturated fat intake in adults with obesity

Original

2007

Transgenerational response to nutrition, early life circumstances and longevity

Original