Diet and Cognition

The longer-term impacts of Western diet on human cognition and the brain

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Adverse effects of consuming high fat-sugar diets on cognition: Implications for understanding obesity

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Intake of fruit and vegetables and the incident risk of cognitive disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies

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Nutrition strategies that improve cognitive function

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2019

Intake of vegetables and fruits through young adulthood is associated with better cognitive function in midlife in the US general population

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Diet-induced cognitive deficits: The role of fat and sugar, potential mechanisms and nutritional interventions

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2017

Editorial: Impact of diet on learning, memory and cognition

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Beneficial effects of walnuts on cognition and brain Health

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2006

Effects of nutrients (in food) on the structure and function of the nervous system: update on dietary requirements for brain. Part 1: micronutrients

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Intake of niacin, folate, vitamin B-6, and vitamin B-12 through young adulthood and cognitive function in midlife: the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study

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2015

Western diet is associated with a smaller hippocampus: A longitudinal investigation

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The relationships between vitamin K and cognition: A review of current evidence

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Dietary patterns during adulthood and cognitive performance in midlife: the CARDIA study

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Prefrontal cortex inflammation and liver pathologies accompany cognitive and motor deficits following Western diet consumption in non-obese female mice (animal study)

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The cognitive control of eating and body weight: It's more than what you "think"

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The Western diet regulates hippocampal microvascular gene expression: An integrated genomic analyses in female mice (animal study)

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The effect of high fat, high sugar, and combined high fat-high sugar diets on spatial learning and memory in rodents: a meta-analysis

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Improvement in cognition following double-blind randomized micronutrient interventions in the general population

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The longer-term impacts of Western diet on human cognition and the brain

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Sugar-sweetened and artificially-sweetened beverages and changes in cognitive function in the SUN project

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Executive functioning and dietary intake: Neurocognitive correlates of fruit, vegetable, and saturated fat intake in adults with obesity

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Mediterranean diet improves cognition: The PREDIMED-NAVARRA randomised trial

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Interactions between metabolic, reward and cognitive processes in appetite control: Implications for novel weight management therapies

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Higher heart-rate variability is associated with ventromedial prefrontal cortex activity and increased resistance to temptation in dietary self-control challenges

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Protocol and recruitment results from a 13-week randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of different doses of nitrate-rich beetroot juice on cognition, cerebral blood flow and peripheral vascular function in overweight and obese older people

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Interventions involving a major dietary component improve cognitive function in cognitively healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Adverse effects of consuming high fat-sugar diets on cognition: implications for understanding obesity

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Flavonoid-rich mixed berries maintain and improve cognitive function over a 6 h period in young healthy adults

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Improved metabolic function and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults following a single dose of wild blueberry

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Effects of lutein and Astaxanthin intake on the improvement of cognitive functions among healthy adults: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials

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Effects of 12-week avocado consumption on cognitive function among adults with overweight and obesity

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A comprehensive review of eggs, choline, and lutein on cognition across the life-span

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Fish intake may affect brain structure and improve cognitive ability in healthy people

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Long-term intake of vegetables and fruits and subjective cognitive function in US men

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Effects of cocoa-derived polyphenols on cognitive function in humans. Systematic review and analysis of methodological aspects

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Association between dietary flavonoids intake and cognitive function in an Italian cohort

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Effects of high-fat diet exposure on learning & memory

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The effect of high fat, high sugar, and combined high fat-high sugar diets on spatial learning and memory in rodents: A meta-analysis (animal)

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The cognitive control of eating and body weight: It's more than what you "think"

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Diet-induced cognitive deficits: The role of fat and sugar, potential mechanisms and nutritional interventions

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Cognitive control of eating: The role of memory in appetite and weight gain

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Executive functions and the self-regulation of eating behavior: A review

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Eat now or later: self-control as an overlapping cognitive mechanism of depression and obesity

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A fat to forget: Trans fat consumption and memory

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Sweet cognition: The differential effects of glucose consumption on attentional food bias in individuals of lean and obese status

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The effect of attentional bias modification on eating behavior among women craving high-calorie food

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Western Diet: Implications for brain function and behavior

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2017

Impact of nutrition on social decision makingImpact of nutrition on social decision making

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2016

A bidirectional relationship between executive function and health behavior: evidence, implications, and future directions

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2013

Nutrition and neurodevelopment in children: focus on NUTRIMENTHE project

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2011

Prefrontal systems involvement in binge eating

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2006

The Iowa gambling task as a measure of decision making in women with bulimia nervosa

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2016

Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on binge eating disorder

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2018

Decision making deficits in relation to food cues influence obesity: a triadic neural model of problematic eating

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2018

Dietary and nutrient status of children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: a case-control study

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2020

Hippocampal-dependent inhibitory learning and memory processes in the control of eating and drug taking

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1999

Nutrition and neurodevelopment: mechanisms of developmental dysfunction and disease in later life

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2013

Genomic and epigenomic insights into nutrition and brain disorders

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2017

Diet quality and attention capacity in European adolescents: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study.

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2011

Western diet consumption and cognitive impairment: links to hippocampal dysfunction and obesity

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2017

Relationships between dietary intake and cognitive function in healthy Korean children and adolescents

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2019

Real-time fMRI neurofeedback training to improve eating behavior by self-regulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: a randomized controlled trial in overweight and obese subjects

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2015

Executive functions and consumption of fruits/ vegetables and high saturated fat foods in young adults

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Evidence of executive dysfunction in extremely obese adolescents: a pilot study

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2020

Neural mechanisms in eating behaviors: a pilot fMRI study of emotional processing

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2010

Since few studies so far have assessed women with binge eating disorder (BED) on their decision-making processes and feedback processing, this 2010 experimental study employed a game of dice task (GDT) to test women with BED (n=17) and group of overweight controls (n=18) on their abilities to make decisions within the rules of the game. The researchers measured the subjects’ cognitive flexibility and examined how their behavior inhibition and approach systems were activated. The prominent finding was that women with binge-eating disorder made risky decisions significantly more frequently than the control group did. In addition, binge eaters demonstrated less ability to make positive use of feedback processing. Although these impairments were not related to disease-specific variables, they may be influential in the overall day-to-day decision-making behavior of women with binge eating disorder.

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2017

Executive functioning and dietary intake: neurocognitive correlates of fruit, vegetable, and saturated fat intake in adults with obesity

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2007

Transgenerational response to nutrition, early life circumstances and longevity

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