Diet and Cognition

The CNP Diet and Cognition Research Category consolidates research exploring the interconnected relationship between dietary intake and cognition. To view each original study on the open internet, click “Original.” To view the CNP-written abstract summary, click “CNP Summary.” While only some of the CNP-written abstract summaries are available below for free, all abstract summaries are available to CNP members through the CNP Library Membership.

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2022

Dietary patterns and cognitive function in older New Zealand adults: the REACH study

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New

2021

MIND diet, common brain pathologies, and cognition in community-dwelling older adults

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New

2022

Markers of a plant-based diet relate to memory and executive function in older adults

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New
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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2021

Adiposity, inflammation, and working memory: Evidence for a vicious cycle

Original

2022

Memory and eating: A bidirectional relationship implicated in obesity

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Training in cognitive strategies reduces eating and improves food choice

Original

2022

Association of ultraprocessed food consumption with risk of dementia

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2013

Eating attentively: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of food intake memory and awareness on eating

Original

2016

An exploration of exercise-induced cognitive enhancement and transfer effects to dietary self-control

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2021

Targeting executive function for weight loss in adults with overweight or obesity

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2020

Influence of diet on mood and social cognition: a pilot study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2021

Intermittent fasting enhances long-term memory consolidation, adult hippocampal neurogenesis, and expression of longevity gene Klotho (animal)

Original

2021

The effects of twenty-one nutrients and phytonutrients on cognitive function: A narrative review

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Beneficial effects of dark chocolate for episodic memory in healthy young adults: A parallel-groups acute intervention with a white chocolate control

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2017

Food for thought: how nutrition impacts cognition and emotion

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2007

Transgenerational response to nutrition, early life circumstances and longevity

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2017

Executive functioning and dietary intake: neurocognitive correlates of fruit, vegetable, and saturated fat intake in adults with obesity

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2010

Decision-making impairments in women with binge eating disorder

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2020

Neural mechanisms in eating behaviors: a pilot fMRI study of emotional processing

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2009

Evidence of executive dysfunction in extremely obese adolescents: a pilot study

Original

2015

Executive functions and consumption of fruits/ vegetables and high saturated fat foods in young adults

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

Real-time fMRI neurofeedback training to improve eating behavior by self-regulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: a randomized controlled trial in overweight and obese subjects

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2017

Relationships between dietary intake and cognitive function in healthy Korean children and adolescents

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2011

Western diet consumption and cognitive impairment: links to hippocampal dysfunction and obesity

Original

2017

Diet quality and attention capacity in European adolescents: The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study.

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2013

Genomic and epigenomic insights into nutrition and brain disorders

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1999

Nutrition and neurodevelopment: mechanisms of developmental dysfunction and disease in later life

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Hippocampal-dependent inhibitory learning and memory processes in the control of eating and drug taking

Original

2018

Dietary and nutrient status of children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: a case-control study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Decision making deficits in relation to food cues influence obesity: a triadic neural model of problematic eating

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2016

Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on binge eating disorder

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2006

The Iowa gambling task as a measure of decision making in women with bulimia nervosa

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2011

Prefrontal systems involvement in binge eating

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2013

Nutrition and neurodevelopment in children: focus on NUTRIMENTHE project

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2016

A bidirectional relationship between executive function and health behavior: evidence, implications, and future directions

Original