Diet and Behavior

The CNP Diet and Behavior Research Category consolidates research exploring the interdependent relationship between dietary intake and behavior. To view each original study on the open internet, click “Original.” To view the CNP summary of the study, click “CNP Summary.” While a small portion of the studies in this research category are available below for free, the full set of studies (and their summaries) are available to CNP members through the CNP Library Membership (available Fall 2021).

2020

An eating pattern characterised by skipped or delayed breakfast is associated with mood disorders among an Australian adult cohort

Original

2019

Breakfast habits are associated with mood, sleep quality, and daily food intake in healthy adults

Original

2018

Time allocation and dietary habits in the United States: Time for re-evaluation?

Original

2017

Clutter, chaos, and overconsumption: The role of mind-set in stressful and chaotic food environments

Original

2020

A laboratory-based study of the priming effects of food cues and stress on hunger and food intake in individuals with obesity

Original

2016

What is a snack, why do we snack, and how can we choose better snacks? A review of the definitions of snacking, motivations to snack, contributions to dietary intake, and recommendations for improvement

Original

2017

Impact of breakfast skipping compared with dinner skipping on regulation of energy balance and metabolic risk

Original

2020

Consumer acceptance of personalised nutrition: The role of ambivalent feelings and eating context

Original

2020

Snacks and The City: Unexpected low sales of an easy-access, tasty, and healthy snack at an urban snacking hotspot

Original

2020

Nutrition behaviour and compliance with the Mediterranean diet pyramid recommendations: An Italian survey-based study

Original

2020

Are dietary interventions with a behaviour change theoretical framework effective in changing dietary patterns? A systematic review

Original

2014

Startling sweet temptations: Hedonic chocolate deprivation modulates experience, eating behavior, and eyeblink startle

Original

2011

Scheduled meals and scheduled palatable snacks synchronize circadian rhythms: Consequences for ingestive behavior

Original

2015

The effects of negative and positive mood induction on eating behaviour: A meta-analysis of laboratory studies in the healthy population and eating and weight disorders

Original

2013

Happy eating: The Single Target Implicit Association Test predicts overeating after positive emotions

Original

2016

The influence of negative urgency, attentional bias, and emotional dimensions on palatable food consumption

Original

2017

Grazing in adults with obesity and eating disorders: A systematic review of associated clinical features and meta-analysis of prevalence

Original

2020

Relating goal-directed behaviour to grazing in persons with obesity with and without eating disorder features

Original

2018

Feeling bad or feeling good, does emotion affect your consumption of food? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence

Original

2020

Fight, flight, - Or grab a bite! Trait emotional and restrained eating style predicts food cue responding under negative emotions

Original

2018

Feeling bad or feeling good, does emotion affect your consumption of food? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence

Original

2019

A systematic review of the association between emotions and eating behaviour in normal and overweight adult populations

Original

2020

A humanities-based explanation for the effects of emotional eating and perceived stress on food choice motives during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Original

2015

The effects of negative and positive mood induction on eating behaviour: A meta-analysis of laboratory studies in the healthy population and eating and weight disorders

Original

2018

Eating when depressed, anxious, bored, or happy: Are emotional eating types associated with unique psychological and physical health correlates?

Original

2019

Is comfort food actually comforting for emotional eaters? A (moderated) mediation analysis

Original

2016

To eat or not to eat: Effects of food availability on reward system activity during food picture viewing

Original

2018

The neurocognitive mechanisms underlying food cravings and snack food consumption. A combined continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) and EEG study

Original

2017

A brief review of salient factors influencing adult eating behaviour

Original

2019

Breakfast consumption in relation to lowered risk of psychological disorders among Iranian adults

Original

2019

Different and unequal: A qualitative evaluation of salient factors influencing energy intake in adults with overweight and obesity

Original

2011

Reward mechanisms in obesity: new insights and future directions

Original

2020

Can eating pleasure be a lever for healthy eating? A systematic scoping review of eating pleasure and its links with dietary behaviors and health

Original

2011

Assessment Methods for Eating Behaviour and Weight-Related Problems: Measures, Theory and Research

Original

2018

Training in cognitive strategies reduces eating and improves food choice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Original

2016

Food cue reactivity and craving predict eating and weight gain: a meta-analytic review

Original

2016

Hedonic hunger is related to increased neural and perceptual responses to cues of palatable food and motivation to consume: Evidence from 3 independent investigations

Original

2017

Stress, cortisol, and other appetite-related hormones: prospective prediction of 6-month changes in food cravings and weight

Original

1994

The development of emotion regulation and dysregulation: a clinical perspective

Original

2016

Pleasure as an ally of healthy eating? contrasting visceral and Epicurean eating pleasure and their association with portion size preferences and wellbeing

Original

2016

The influence of palatable diets in reward system activation: a mini review

Original

2019

Acute impact of dietary pattern and walking on postprandial attention, mood, and satiety in older adults: a randomized crossover trial

Original

2012

High cortisol levels are associated with low quality food choice in type 2 diabetes

Original

2017

Situational cues and momentary food environment predict everyday eating behavior in adults with overweight and obesity

Original

2005

How palatable food disrupts appetite regulation

Original

2019

Hyper‐palatable foods: development of a quantitative definition and application to the US food system database

Original

2020

Four main barriers to weight loss maintenance? a quantitative analysis of difficulties experienced by obese patients after successful weight reduction

Original

2019

Influence of the fat/carbohydrate component of snack food on energy intake pattern and reinforcing properties in rodents (animal)

Original

2007

The psychology of food craving

Original

1991

Food craving, dietary restraint and mood

Original

2014

Variety, palatability, and obesity

Original

2018

Is eating pleasure compatible with healthy eating? a qualitative study on Quebecers' perceptions

Original

2007

Hedonic hunger: a new dimension of appetite?

Original

2009

Homeostatic and hedonic signals interact in the regulation of food intake

Original

2019

Food craving predicts the consumption of highly palatable food but not bland food

Original

2014

A short version of the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait: the FCQ-T-reduced

Original

2012

Food cravings in food addiction: the distinct role of positive reinforcement

Original

2012

Hedonic eating is associated with increased peripheral levels of ghrelin and the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol in healthy humans: a pilot study

Original

2021

Within-day variability in negative affect moderates cue responsiveness in high-calorie snacking

Original

2019

Food craving, cortisol and ghrelin responses in modeling highly palatable snack intake in the laboratory

Original

2018

The role of craving in emotional and uncontrolled eating

Original

2004

Gastrointestinal satiety signals I. An overview of gastrointestinal signals that influence food intake

Original

2014

Hedonic hunger and binge eating among women with eating disorders

Original

2017

Healthy food choices are happy food choices: evidence from a real-life sample using smartphone based assessments

Original