Diet, Depression, and Anxiety

The CNP Diet, Depression, and Anxiety Research Category consolidates research exploring the interdependent relationship between dietary intake, depression, and anxiety. To view each original study on the open internet, click “Original.” To view the CNP summary of the study, click “CNP Summary.” While a small portion of the studies in this research category is available below for free, the full set of studies (and their summaries) are available to CNP members through the CNP Library Membership (available Fall 2021).

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Association between macronutrients intake and depression in the United States and South Korea

Original

2019

A brief diet intervention can reduce symptoms of depression in young adults – A randomised controlled trial

Original
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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Evidence of the importance of dietary habits regarding depressive symptoms and depression

Original

2019

The effects of dietary improvement on symptoms of depression and anxiety: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Original
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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

Adherence to the MIND diet and prevalence of psychological disorders in adults

Original

2017

A randomised controlled trial of dietary improvement for adults with major depression (the 'SMILES' Trial)

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

The SMILES trial: an important first step

Original

2018

Economic evaluation of a dietary intervention for adults with major depression (the "SMILES" trial)

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2021

Meat and mental health: A systematic review of meat abstention and depression, anxiety, and related phenomena

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2019

The Mediterranean dietary pattern and depression risk: A systematic review

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2005

The global burden of disease attributable to low consumption of fruit and vegetables: implications for the global strategy on diet

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2019

Association of recommended food score with depression, anxiety, and quality of life in Korean adults: The 2014-2015 National Fitness Award Project

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Fruit and vegetable intake and mental health in adults: A systematic review

Original

2012

Frequent consumption of vegetables predicts lower risk of depression in older Taiwanese - results of a prospective population-based study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Consumption of fruit and vegetables in relation with psychological disorders in Iranian adults

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2021

Adherence to Mediterranean dietary pattern is inversely associated with depression, anxiety and psychological distress

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

A prospective analysis of dietary fiber intake and mental health quality of life in the Iowa Women's Health Study

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2013

Adherence to healthy dietary guidelines and future depressive symptoms: Evidence for sex differentials in the Whitehall II study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Association of a priori dietary patterns with depressive symptoms: A harmonised meta-analysis of observational studies

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2016

Adherence to alternative healthy eating index in relation to depression and anxiety in Iranian adults.

Original
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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2013

Diet-regulated anxiety

Original

2019

Healthy dietary indices and risk of depressive outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of depression: Accumulative evidence from an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies

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2016

Dietary fiber intake and depressive symptoms in Japanese employees: The Furukawa Nutrition and Health Study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Dietary fiber and its associations with depression and inflammation

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2015

Fermented foods, neuroticism, and social anxiety: An interaction model

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Diet quality in persons with and without depressive and anxiety disorders

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2020

Association of food groups with depression and anxiety disorders

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

Diet-derived fatty acids, brain inflammation, and mental Health

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2020

The relation between dietary intakes and psychological disorders in Iranian adults: A population-based study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2008

Understanding nutrition, depression and mental illnesses

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2016

Dietary flavonoid intake and risk of incident depression in midlife and older women

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2016

Food patterns and the prevention of depression

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2018

Exploration of the association between dietary fiber intake and depressive symptoms in adults

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Dietary polyphenol intake and depression: Results from the Mediterranean healthy eating, lifestyle and aging (meal) study

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2010

Association of Western and traditional diets with depression and anxiety in women

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

A Mediterranean-style dietary intervention supplemented with fish oil improves diet quality and mental health in people with depression: A randomized controlled trial (HELFIMED).

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2018

Prospective association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and risk of depressive symptoms in the French SU.VI.MAX cohort

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

Effects of regulating intestinal microbiota on anxiety symptoms: A systematic review

Original

2019

Association between fruit/vegetable consumption and mental-health-related quality of life, major depression, and generalized anxiety disorder: A longitudinal study in Thailand

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Economic Evaluation of a Dietary Intervention for adults with major depression (The "SMILES" Trial)

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2014

Evidence of higher oxidative status in depression and anxiety

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Nutritional factors, physical health and immigrant status are associated with anxiety disorders among middle-aged and older adults: findings from baseline data of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA)

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2019

The association between dietary pattern and depression in middle-aged Korean adults

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2013

A review of lifestyle factors that contribute to important pathways associated with major depression: Diet, sleep and exercise

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2017

Adherence to the DASH diet in relation to psychological profile of Iranian adults

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

Possible relation between consumption of different food groups and depression

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2018

Depression and anxiety symptoms are associated with prooxidant-antioxidant balance: A population-based study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Association of use of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with changes in severity of anxiety symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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2017

The effects of probiotics on depressive symptoms in humans: A systematic review

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

Bidirectional associations between food groups and depressive symptoms: Longitudinal findings from the Invecchiare in Chianti (InCHIANTI) study

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2020

Adherence to the Australian dietary guidelines and development of depressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up amongst women in the READI cohort study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Antidepressive mechanisms of probiotics and their therapeutic potential

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2019

Dietary seaweed intake and depressive symptoms in Japanese adults: A prospective cohort study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2017

Dietary fish, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid consumption, and depression risk in Japan: A population-based prospective cohort study

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2017

Fruits and vegetables consumption and depressive symptoms: A population-based study in Peru

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

A review of dietary and microbial connections to depression, anxiety, and stress

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2015

Assessing healthy diet affordability in a cohort with major depressive disorders

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2017

Dietary recommendations for the prevention of depression

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2016

Combined healthy lifestyle is inversely associated with psychological disorders among adults

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

Does the MIND diet decrease depression risk? A comparison with Mediterranean diet in the SUN cohort

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2017

Dietary patterns are associated with depressive symptoms among Chinese adults: A case-control study with propensity score matching

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2016

Empirically derived dietary patterns in relation to psychological disorders

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2019

Preventing the recurrence of depression with a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil. The PREDI-DEP trial: study protocol

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2017

Association between depression and fruit and vegetable consumption among adults in South Asia

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2019

Effects of polyphenols in a Mediterranean diet on symptoms of depression: A systematic literature review

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

A high polyphenol diet improves psychological well-being: The polyphenol intervention trial (PPhIT)

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2018

A modified Mediterranean dietary intervention for adults with major depression: Dietary protocol and feasibility data from the SMILES trial

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Saturated fatty acid is a principal cause of anxiety-like behavior in diet-induced obese rats in relation to serum lysophosphatidyl choline level (animal)

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2017

HFD-induced energy states-dependent bidirectional control of anxiety levels in mice (animal)

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2012

Diet transition to a high-fat diet for 3 weeks reduces brain omega-3-fatty acid levels, alters BDNF signaling and induces anxiety & depression-like behavior in adult rats (animal)

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2020

Fish oil supplementation alleviates metabolic and anxiodepressive effects of diet-induced obesity and associated changes in brain lipid composition in mice

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Associations between long-term adherence to healthy diet and recurrent depressive symptoms in Whitehall II Study

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2019

Associations of depressive symptoms and history with three a priori diet quality indices in middle-aged and older adults

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Red and processed meat consumption and risk of depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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2017

Food-based diet quality score in relation to depressive symptoms in young and middle-aged Japanese women

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

The association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms in Chinese adults

Original

2020

Evidence of the importance of dietary habits regarding depressive symptoms and depression

Original
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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Association of use of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with changes in severity of anxiety symptoms a systematic review and meta-analysis

Original

2008

Nutritional therapies for mental disorders

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

The association of food quality index with mental health in women: A cross-sectional study

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2020

Sources of dietary fiber are differently associated with prevalence of depression

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2019

Low fruit and vegetable intake is associated with depression among Korean adults in data from the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

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2018

Depressive symptoms and vegetarian diets: Results from the Constances Cohort

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2012

Association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms over time: A 10-year follow-up study of the GAZEL cohort

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2020

Dietary habits and psychological disorders in a large sample of Iranian adults: a population-based study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2020

Diet and depression: exploring the biological mechanisms of action

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2021

Nutrition as metabolic treatment for anxiety

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2018

Association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms among middle-aged adults in China in 2016-2017.

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2021

Vegetarian diet and depression scores: A meta-analysis

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2021

The association between diet and mental health and wellbeing in young adults within a biopsychosocial framework

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2021

Analysis of the effects of nutrient intake and dietary habits on depression in Korean Adults

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2017

Depression is related to dietary diversity score in women: a cross-sectional study from a developing country

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2021

The association of red meat consumption and mental health in women: A cross-sectional study

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CNP Research Summary can be found in the CNP Library Membership

2021

The consumption of wholegrain is related to depressive symptoms among Chinese adults: a cross-sectional study

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