Diet, Sugar, and Processed Food

The CNP Diet, Sugar, and Processed Food Research Category consolidates research exploring the interdependent relationship between dietary intake, sugar, and processed food. To view each original study on the open internet, click “Original.” To view the CNP summary of the study, click “CNP Summary.” While a small portion of the studies in this research category are available below for free, the full set of studies (and their summaries) are available to CNP members through the CNP Library Membership (available Fall 2021).

2019

Sugar rush or sugar crash? a meta-analysis of carbohydrate effects on mood

Original

2020

Fructose and uric acid as drivers of a hyperactive foraging response: A clue to behavioral disorders associated with impulsivity or mania?

Original

2011

Habitual sugar intake and cognitive function among middle-aged and older Puerto Ricans without diabetes

Original

2017

A combined high-sugar and high-saturated-fat dietary pattern is associated with more depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population: the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study

Original

2020

Metabolic and psychological effects of short-term increased consumption of less-processed foods in daily diets: A pilot study

Original

2017

Ecological correlations of dietary food intake and mental health disorders

Original

2017

Sugar intake from sweet food and beverages, common mental disorder and depression: prospective findings from the Whitehall II study

Original

2019

Ultra-processed foods and excessive free sugar intake in the UK: a nationally representative cross-sectional study

Original

2016

Sociodemographic and behavioral factors associated with added sugars intake among US adults

Original

2019

Prospective association between ultra-processed food consumption and incident depressive symptoms in the French NutriNet-Santé cohort

Original

2019

Dietary sugar silences a colonization factor in a mammalian gut symbiont

Original

2019

Ultra-processed diets cause excess calorie intake and weight gain: an inpatient randomized controlled trial of ad libitum food intake

Original

2016

The evidence for saturated fat and for sugar related to coronary heart disease

Original

2019

Sugary beverages pose significant risks to cardiovascular and overall Health

Original

2019

Ultra-processed foods and recommended intake levels of nutrients linked to non-communicable diseases in Australia: evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional study

Original

2018

Added sugars and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, dietary carbohydrate index and depression risk in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Project

Original

2018

Intake of raw fruits and vegetables Is associated with better mental health than Intake of processed fruits and vegetables

Original

2015

High glycemic index diet as a risk factor for depression: analyses from the Women’s Health Initiative

Original

2014

Cognitive and behavioural effects of sugar consumption in rodents. A review

Original

2016

Association between carbohydrate nutrition and prevalence of depressive symptoms in older adults

Original

2016

Glycemic index, glycemic load, and common psychological disorders

Original

2020

Poor glucose regulation is associated with declines in well-being among older men, but not women

Original

2012

Fast-food and commercial baked goods consumption and the risk of depression

Original

2016

Minimally processed foods are more satiating and less hyperglycemic than ultra-processed foods: a preliminary study with 98 ready-to-eat foods

Original

2002

A cross-national relationship between sugar consumption and major depression?

Original

2019

The impact of sugar consumption on stress driven, emotional and addictive behaviors

Original