Investigating Brazilian elementary and high school students on their conceptions of food nutrients, food pyramids, processed food labels and nutrition facts tables. The children who took part in the study were from sixth to ninth grade of elementary school and first to third grade of high school in a public school from Parana state of Brazil. A total of 257 students were examined, varying in age from 11 to 17. They were asked to perform group activities using food pyramids, processed food labels and nutritional facts tables, in order to analyse their understanding of nutritional composition. It was found that many students were not capable of distinguishing nutrients from food and showcased unsatisfactory and incoherent overall conceptions about food nutrients. This research study highlights the lack of food nutrition knowledge in these Brazilian children and shows the need for a health program to be implemented to raise awareness of nutritional composition of foods and their benefits to the body along with healthy eating habits.
This study aimed to explore the experiences of young adults as a broader population group in two different but similar settings (Sydney, Australia and Glasgow, Scotland) to discover whether the experiences, determinants and influences of food choice are shared between the two cities. A total of 30 young adults aged between 18 and 30 years of age were allocated to 8 face-to-face focus groups, 3 in Sydney (n=14) and 5 in Glasgow (n=16) with each focus group kept small (2-6 participants per group). The transcripts from each focus group were coded thematically based on a process of narrative analysis, as well as reviewed and analysed to produce 3 major narratives: value of food; appeal of food; and emotional connections with food. These narratives were underpinned by a broader narrative of ‘performing adulthood’ and the challenges young people experience in learning to do so. This narrative reflects the belief amongst some participants that they should make rational informed choices about food despite conflicting influences of their surrounding physical and social environments. This could lead to another research objective in examining which environment-level or policy-based interventions are most acceptable to young adults with regards to influencing their food choices and dietary behaviors.